What is Velvet Fabric?

What is Velvet Fabric
Fabric NameVelvet Fabric
CompositionSilk Velvet: Often considered the most luxurious, silk velvet is made entirely from silk fibers, providing a soft, smooth, and lustrous finish.
Cotton Velvet: Cotton velvet is a more affordable option, combining the plush texture of velvet with the breathability and comfort of cotton fibers.
Polyester Velvet: Polyester velvet is known for its durability, resistance to wrinkles, and affordability. It can mimic the luxurious look of silk velvet.
Rayon Velvet: Rayon velvet is a blend of rayon and silk or other fibers, offering a balance between affordability and a luxurious appearance.
Viscose Velvet: Viscose, a semi-synthetic fiber, is often blended with other fibers to create a soft and draping velvet fabric.
Velvet Blends: Manufacturers may create velvet blends by combining different fibers to achieve specific characteristics such as durability, sheen, or stretch.
Possible Thread Count VariationsHigh density: 1000+ fibers/cm² (luxury silk velvet)
Medium density: 500-1000 fibers/cm² (common cotton velvet)
Low density: 200-500 fibers/cm² (lightweight synthetic velvet)
BreathabilityNatural fibers: Silk velvet offers the best breathability due to its hollow fibers that allow air circulation. Cotton velvet is moderately breathable, while wool velvet traps more heat and can feel less breathable.
Synthetic fibers: Synthetic velvets generally have lower breathability compared to natural fibers, as they tend to trap moisture and heat. Blends can offer varying levels of breathability depending on the fiber ratio.
Moisture-wicking abilitySynthetic fabrics: Polyester, nylon, and other synthetic fabrics are designed to wick moisture away from the body, making them ideal for activewear and workout clothes.
Merino wool: This natural wool offers good moisture-wicking and odor-resistant properties, suitable for moderate-intensity activities.
Bamboo fabric: A sustainable option with good moisture-wicking and antibacterial properties.
Heat Retention AbilityHighly breathable: Silk velvet (especially lightweight options)
Moderately breathable: Cotton velvet (lighter weights)
Less breathable: Synthetic velvet, most wool velvet, heavier velvets, crushed velvet
StretchabilityElastane or Spandex Content: Velvet fabrics with added elastane or spandex fibers tend to have higher stretchability, providing flexibility and comfort for movement.
Blended Fibers: Velvet blends, combining fibers like polyester, nylon, or viscose with elastane, can offer a good balance of stretch and recovery.
Knit Velvet: Some velvets are knitted rather than woven, enhancing their stretchability. Knit velvets can provide more ease of movement compared to traditional woven velvets.
Two-Way or Four-Way Stretch: Fabrics with two-way stretch stretch horizontally or vertically, while four-way stretch fabrics stretch in both directions. The type of stretch can affect the garment’s fit and comfort.
Where was Velvet Wool fabric first produced?First appeared in East Asia or the Middle East
Largest producing countryChina currently leads the world in velvet fabric production and export.
Recommended washing temperaturesGeneral Recommendations:
Stick to cool or cold water whenever possible to minimize shrinkage and color loss.
Use a gentle detergent designed for delicate fabrics.
Avoid harsh chemicals, bleach, and fabric softeners.
Hand washing is often recommended for delicate velvet pieces.
Machine washing on a delicate cycle may be suitable for some sturdier velvets, but ensure it aligns with the care label.
Never wring or twist the velvet; gently press out excess water instead.
Lay flat to dry away from direct heat or sunlight. Avoid tumble drying.
Steaming can help refresh wrinkles and revive the pile.
Common applications of Velvet Wool fabricCommon Applications of Velvet Wool Fabric:
Clothing: Velvet wool’s warmth and luxurious drape make it ideal for cozy and elegant garments like dresses, jackets, coats, and scarves.
Upholstery: It adds comfort, sophistication, and durability to furniture pieces like sofas, armchairs, ottomans, and headboards.
Accessories: Velvet wool creates statement pieces like hats, gloves, handbags, and clutches, adding a touch of luxury to any outfit.
Home Decor: Throw pillows, curtains, tablecloths, and blankets made from velvet wool bring warmth, texture, and visual interest to living spaces.
Footwear: From slippers and shoes to boots, velvet wool offers comfort and a unique stylish touch.
Performance Wear: Some velvet wool blends incorporate stretch and technical properties, making them suitable for activewear like leggings or jackets offering warmth and comfort.

Velvet is a type of woven tufted fabric characterized by its soft and luxurious feel, as well as its distinctive pile (a raised surface with a dense layer of fibers). The pile on velvet is created by evenly distributing cut or uncut loops of yarn over the fabric’s surface, giving it a dense and plush texture.

Velvet can be made from various fibers, including silk, cotton, polyester, and blends of these materials. Silk velvet is known for its smooth and shiny appearance, while cotton velvet is more matte and may have a slightly textured feel. Synthetic velvets, such as those made from polyester, are often more durable and affordable than their natural fiber counterparts.

The production of velvet involves a special weaving process. Traditionally, velvet was woven using silk, but nowadays, various fibers are used to create this fabric. The weaving process creates two layers of fabric with the pile standing up between them. After weaving, the fabric is cut apart to reveal the soft pile on one side.

Velvet is commonly used in clothing, upholstery, and home decor due to its luxurious look and feel. It is often associated with elegance and is used for evening dresses, drapes, upholstery, and various other decorative applications. Velvet comes in different types, such as crushed velvet, velveteen, and panne velvet, each with its own unique characteristics.

Choosing the right material for your needs depends on various factors like budget, desired feel, drape, care requirements, and intended use.

Here’s a table summarizing the key characteristics of different velvet materials:

SilkLuxurious, soft, excellent drape.Expensive, delicate
CottonAffordable, breathableLess plush, wrinkles easily
WoolWarm, durableProne to pilling, wrinkles easily
LinenUnique texture, breathable, strong.Rougher texture
MohairLustrous, warm, wrinkle-resistantMore expensive than wool
PolyesterAffordable, wrinkle-resistant, easy careLacks breathability, less luxurious
RayonSheen and drape like silk, affordableProne to shrinkage, wrinkles easily
NylonStrong, durableLeast luxurious, can feel stiff
BlendsCombine desirable properties, often more affordableExact characteristics vary depending on the blend

What is velvet material?

Velvet fabric can be made from several different materials, both natural and synthetic, including:

Natural Fibers:

  • Silk: Traditionally the most luxurious and expensive option, known for its soft, smooth feel and beautiful drape.
  • Cotton: More affordable than silk, offering a slightly less plush texture and good breathability.
  • Wool: Adds warmth and durability, though can be prone to pilling and wrinkles.
  • Linen: Offers a unique, slightly rougher texture with good breathability and strength.
  • Mohair: Provides a lustrous sheen and warmth, similar to wool but more resistant to wrinkles.

Synthetic Fibers:

  • Polyester: Offers affordability, wrinkle resistance, and ease of care, but lacks the breathability and luxurious feel of natural materials.
  • Rayon: Simulates the sheen and drape of silk at a lower cost, but can be prone to shrinkage and wrinkles.
  • Nylon: Known for its strength and durability, primarily used in blended fabrics for added structure and resistance to wear and tear.


Often, velvet is made from blends of two or more fibers, combining the properties of each material. For example, silk-cotton blends offer a balance of luxury and affordability, while synthetic blends can improve durability and care ease.

How is velvet made? (or) What is velvet Fabric made from? (or) where does velvet come from?

The manufacturing process for velvet involves several key steps, regardless of the material used:

#1. Material Selection:

Velvet can be made from various fibers, including silk, cotton, polyester, or blends of these materials. The choice of fiber depends on the desired characteristics of the final fabric, such as softness, shine, and durability.

#2. Warping:

The warp is the set of lengthwise yarns on a loom. In the case of velvet, the warp yarns are typically stronger and more tightly twisted than the weft yarns. The warp yarns are wound onto a beam, creating the foundation for the weaving process.

#3. Weaving:

Velvet is woven using a specialized loom that creates a double-layered fabric with the pile (or tufted surface) standing up between the two layers. The weaving process involves interlacing the warp and weft yarns to form the base fabric.

#4. Pile Formation:

After the base fabric is woven, additional yarns are inserted into the fabric to create the pile. These yarns can be cut or uncut loops, depending on the desired finish. The pile yarns are evenly distributed across the fabric’s surface, creating the soft and plush texture characteristic of velvet.

#5. Cutting and Separating:

The woven fabric with its pile is cut into separate pieces, revealing the raised pile on one side of each piece.
This cutting process is what distinguishes the two sides of the fabric: the one with the pile is the “right” or “face” side, and the other is the “back” side.

#6. Dyeing and Finishing:

The velvet fabric may undergo dyeing to achieve the desired color. Finishing processes, such as steaming, brushing, and pressing, are employed to enhance the fabric’s appearance, texture, and overall quality.

#7. Quality Control:

The finished velvet fabric undergoes rigorous quality control checks to ensure that it meets the specified standards for color, texture, and durability.

Commercial Applications

While velvet shines in the fashion world, its versatility extends far beyond clothing, offering unique applications in various commercial sectors. Here’s a look beyond the runway.

Velvet fabric is highly valued in the fashion industry for its luxurious feel, rich appearance, and versatility. Commercially, velvet is used in various clothing applications, offering a touch of elegance and sophistication. Some common commercial applications for velvet clothing fabric include.

#1. Evening Wear:

Evening Wear Velvet Fabric

Velvet is a popular choice for evening dresses, gowns, and formal wear. The fabric’s soft texture and subtle sheen make it well-suited for creating glamorous and stylish outfits for special occasions.

#2. Cocktail Dresses:

Cocktail Dresses

Velvet is often used in the creation of cocktail dresses. The fabric’s ability to capture and reflect light adds a touch of sophistication, making it suitable for semi-formal events and parties.

#3. Suits and Blazers:

Suits and Blazers

Velvet suits and blazers are a classic choice for formal and semi-formal menswear. Velvet adds a refined and distinguished look to suits, making them suitable for events such as weddings and holiday parties.

#4. Accessories:


Velvet is used for various accessories, including scarves, shawls, gloves, and even hats. These accessories can complement formal attire or add a touch of luxury to everyday outfits.

#5. Lingerie and Intimate Apparel:

Lingerie and Intimate Apparel

Velvet is sometimes incorporated into lingerie and intimate apparel, providing a sensual and opulent feel. It adds a luxurious touch to items like bras, panties, and sleepwear.

#6. Outerwear:


Coats and jackets made from velvet can be stylish and warm. Velvet adds a layer of sophistication to winter coats, making them suitable for both formal and casual occasions.

#7. Footwear:


Velvet is used in the manufacturing of shoes, particularly for dress shoes and evening footwear. Velvet loafers, heels, and boots can add a touch of luxury to an outfit.

#8. Costumes:


Velvet is commonly used in theatrical costumes and period pieces due to its rich appearance. It can replicate the look of historical clothing or add a regal touch to costumes for stage performances.

#9. Casual Wear:

Casual Wear

While velvet is often associated with formal attire, designers also incorporate it into casual wear. Velvet tops, pants, and skirts can add a touch of luxury to everyday outfits.

#10. Children’s Clothing:

Children's Clothing

Velvet is used in children’s clothing for special occasions, such as holiday dresses and suits. Its softness and rich texture make it a popular choice for festive attire.

#11. Elvis Presley’s Blue Velvet Suit:

Elvis Presley's Blue Velvet Suit

Elvis Presley famously wore a blue velvet suit during his performances, contributing to the iconic style of the “King of Rock and Roll”.

#12. Royal and Ecclesiastical Robes:

Royal and Ecclesiastical Robes

Many monarchs and religious leaders have worn velvet robes throughout history, symbolizing wealth, authority, and divine connection.

#13. Coca-Cola Santa Claus Ads:

Coca-Cola Santa Claus Ads

The modern image of Santa Claus in a red velvet fabric suit with white fur trim has been popularized in Coca-Cola advertisements, with the suit often depicted in a velvety texture.

#14. Vintage Velvet Furniture:

Vintage Velvet Furniture

Classic and elegant furniture pieces, such as Victorian-era sofas and chairs, often feature velvet upholstery, contributing to their timeless appeal.

#15. Velvet Rope in Nightclubs:

Velvet Rope in Nightclubs

Symbolizing exclusivity and luxury, velvet ropes are often used to control access to VIP areas in nightclubs and events.

#16. Velvet Paintings:

Velvet Paintings

Velvet has been used as a canvas for certain paintings, creating a unique and textured visual experience in art.

#17. The Velvet Underground Band:

The Velvet Underground Band

The influential rock band, The Velvet Underground, took their name from the aforementioned album and contributed significantly to the music scene.

Where to Buy the Velvet fabric?

High-end Fashion:

#1. Gucci:


Known for its opulent and glamorous aesthetic, Gucci frequently incorporates velvet into its designs, from flowing gowns and tailored suits to luxurious accessories.

#2. Dolce & Gabbana:

Dolce & Gabbana

This Italian fashion house is synonymous with Sicilian opulence, and velvet plays a key role in their collections, often featuring rich colors, intricate embroidery, and bold prints.

#3. Saint Laurent:

Saint Laurent

The epitome of Parisian chic, Saint Laurent uses velvet to create timeless and sophisticated pieces, such as tuxedo jackets, little black dresses, and sleek pantsuits.

#4. Valentino:


This Italian powerhouse is known for its romantic and feminine designs, and velvet is often used to create dreamy gowns, flowing skirts, and delicate blouses.

#5. Hula Global:

Hula Global

Hula Global is a leading supplier of high-quality velvet fabrics, catering to a diverse clientele of designers, fashion houses, and individual crafters. With a commitment to sourcing premium materials and offering a vast selection, they have established themselves as a trusted partner in the world of velvet.

Contemporary Brands:

#1. Reformation:

This eco-conscious brand uses recycled materials, including velvet, to create sustainable and stylish clothing. Their velvet dresses and jumpsuits are popular for their flattering silhouettes and timeless appeal.


#2. Realisation Par:

This Australian brand is known for its vintage-inspired designs, and velvet features prominently in their collections, with playful dresses, skirts, and jumpsuits in a variety of velvet colors and patterns.

Realisation Par

#3. Sezane:

This French brand offers effortless and chic pieces, and their velvet dresses, sweaters, and blazers are popular for their versatility and comfortable fit.


#4. & Other Stories:

This brand under H&M offers trend-driven pieces at an accessible price point, and their velvet options include dresses, pants, and accessories that are both stylish and affordable.

& Other Stories

Emerging Designers:

#1. Simone Rocha:

This Irish designer is known for her romantic and whimsical designs, and velvet is a signature element in her collections, often featuring ruffles, embroidery, and playful details.

Simone Rocha

#2. Cecilie Bahnsen:

This Danish designer creates feminine and sculptural pieces, and her use of velvet in dresses, skirts, and blouses adds a touch of luxury and texture.

Cecilie Bahnsen

#3. Molly Goddard:

This British designer is known for her playful and voluminous silhouettes, and her use of velvet in dresses and skirts adds a touch of drama and personality.

Molly Goddard

#4. Chopova Lowena:

This London-based duo creates bold and statement pieces, and their use of velvet in dresses, jackets, and pants adds a touch of edge and rebellion.

Chopova Lowena

FAQs Velvet fabric

What is velvet fabric?

Velvet is a luxurious woven fabric known for its soft texture and distinctive pile, created by evenly distributing cut or uncut loops of yarn over the fabric’s surface.

What is velvet made of?

Velvet can be made from various fibers, including silk, cotton, polyester, or blends of these materials. The choice of fiber affects the fabric’s characteristics, such as softness and shine.

How is velvet made?

Velvet is typically woven using a special loom that creates a double-layered fabric with the pile standing up between the layers. After weaving, the fabric is cut to reveal the soft pile.

What is the difference between velvet and crushed velvet?

Velvet has a dense, even pile, while crushed velvet has a textured and irregular pile due to a process that compresses the fabric. Both offer a luxurious feel but have different textures.

Where can I buy velvet fabric by the yard?

You can find velvet fabric by the yard at fabric stores, including Joann’s Fabrics. Additionally, you can explore online platforms and specialty fabric shops.

What are the different types of velvet fabric?

Velvet comes in various types, including silk velvet, cotton velvet, crushed velvet, and velveteen. Each type has its unique characteristics, making it suitable for different applications.

Is there a difference between velvet and velour fabric?

Yes, velvet and velour are different. Velvet has a denser pile, while velour has a knit construction and a softer, stretchier feel. Velvet is typically woven, while velour is knitted.

How do you clean velvet fabric?

Cleaning velvet fabric requires gentle care. Use a soft brush or vacuum with a fabric attachment to remove dust and dirt. Spot-clean stains with a mild detergent and water, and avoid excessive moisture.

What are some popular colors for velvet fabric?

Velvet comes in a wide range of colors. Common choices include black velvet, green velvet fabric, red velvet fabric, blue velvet fabric, pink velvet fabric and white velvet fabric. The color options vary based on the type and brand of fabric.

Can velvet fabric have patterns?

Yes, velvet fabric can come with various patterns, including florals, geometrics, and abstract designs. Patterned velvet adds an extra dimension to the fabric and can be used for both clothing and upholstery.

How does velvet compare to other luxury fabrics?

Velvet is considered a luxurious fabric, offering a soft feel and a rich appearance. It compares favorably with other luxury fabrics like silk, satin, and brocade, each having its unique characteristics.

What is the softest fabric, and is velvet one of them?

Velvet is often considered one of the softest fabrics, providing a plush and smooth feel. Other soft fabrics include cashmere, silk, and certain high-quality cottons.

How to iron velvet fabric

To iron velvet fabric, first turn it inside out to protect the pile. Use a steam iron on a low setting or a garment steamer. Place a cloth, like a cotton towel, between the iron and the velvet. Gently press without applying too much pressure to avoid crushing the fabric. Alternatively, hang the garment in a steamy bathroom to remove wrinkles without direct ironing.

Myths and facts about Velvet fabric 

Velvet, with its luxurious feel and rich history, is often shrouded in misconceptions. However, the reality behind this captivating fabric is much more nuanced than popular myths suggest. Let’s set the record straight and delve into some common myths about velvet

Myth 1: Velvet is always expensive and delicate.

Fact: While some types of velvet, like pure silk, can be pricey and require extra care, other options are budget-friendly and more durable. Cotton, synthetic blends, and recycled velvets offer affordability and easier maintenance.

Myth 2: Velvet is uncomfortable and impractical.

Fact: Depending on the material and weight, velvet can be incredibly soft and cozy. Lighter velvets are perfect for clothing, while heavier ones add warmth and comfort to upholstery. Proper care ensures its longevity and practicality.

Myth 3: Velvet wrinkles easily and looks messy.

Fact: High-quality velvet with a smooth pile does not wrinkle readily. Steaming can refresh any wrinkles, and brushing gently maintains its smooth appearance. Choosing velvets specifically designed for upholstery further minimizes wrinkling.

Myth 4: Velvet fades quickly and loses its vibrancy.

Fact: While some natural dyes may fade with sun exposure, modern dyes and proper care prevent significant color loss. Choosing high-quality velvet and avoiding direct sunlight are key to maintaining its vibrancy.

Myth 5: Velvet is difficult to clean and maintain.

Fact: Depending on the fabric type and care instructions, most velvets can be cleaned at home with gentle methods like hand washing or dry cleaning. Brushing and vacuuming regularly also contribute to easy maintenance.

Myth 6: Velvet is only suitable for formal occasions.

Fact: Velvet’s versatility shines in various settings. From casual dresses and playful accessories to comfy home decor and statement furniture, it can effortlessly adapt to different styles and occasions.

Myth 7: Velvet is not eco-friendly.

Fact: The increasing availability of recycled materials and ethical sourcing practices allows for more sustainable choices. Opting for recycled-content velvets and supporting brands committed to responsible practices reduces the environmental impact.

Myth 8: Velvet is always made from silk.

Fact: While silk velvet is popular for its luxurious feel and shine, velvet can be made from various fibers, including cotton, polyester, and blends. Each type of velvet has its own characteristics and applications.

Myth 9: Velvet is too hot for warm weather.

Fact: Lightweight velvet and blends are available, making it suitable for various climates. The fabric’s breathability depends on the type of fiber used, and velvet can be adapted for use in different seasons.

Myth 10: All velvets have the same texture.

Fact: Velvet textures can vary. Traditional velvet has a dense and even pile, while crushed velvet has a more textured appearance due to a special finishing process. Velveteen, another type of velvet, has a shorter pile and a different texture.

Myth 11: Velvet is not suitable for upholstery.

Fact: Velvet is commonly used for upholstery due to its durability and luxurious appearance. Upholstery velvet is specifically designed to withstand wear and tear, making it a popular choice for furniture.

Myth 12: Velvet is only available in dark colors.

Fact: Velvet comes in a wide range of colors, including vibrant and pastel shades. While dark colors like black and deep red are classic choices, designers experiment with a variety of hues to suit different preferences and trends.

Myth 13: All velvets wrinkle easily.

Fact: The tendency to wrinkle depends on the type of velvet and its fiber content. Some velvets, especially those with a synthetic blend, may resist wrinkles better than others. Hanging velvet items can also help minimize creasing.

Myth 14: Velvet is outdated and old-fashioned.

Fact: Velvet has stood the test of time and continues to be a versatile and stylish fabric. Designers regularly incorporate velvet into modern and trendy clothing, accessories, and home decor items.


In summary, velvet clothing fabric is a timeless and versatile material celebrated for its luxurious feel and adaptability. Contrary to myths, velvet is not confined to formal occasions, with variations in types and colors catering to diverse preferences and uses. Crafted from silk, cotton, or polyester, velvet offers a range of textures, from classic to crushed and velveteen.

Despite misconceptions about maintenance, velvet can be cared for with ease, and advancements have yielded more durable options suitable for different climates. With its rich colors and patterns, velvet continues to be a staple in modern fashion, showcasing its enduring appeal as a soft, opulent, and adaptable fabric for both clothing and home decor.

Market Statistics:

  • Global Velvet Fabric Market Size: The global velvet fabric market was valued at USD 7.71 billion in 2022 and is expected to reach USD 10.17 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 4.41%. (Source: Fortune Business Insights)
  • Major Producers: China, India, and Turkey are the leading producers of velvet fabric, accounting for a significant portion of the global market share.
  • Key Materials: Silk remains the most sought-after fiber for luxury velvet, but synthetic blends like polyester and nylon are gaining popularity due to their affordability and practicality.

Additional Resources:

Read also

What is Virgin Wool Fabric?

What is the Baize Fabric Guide?


  1. Kudos to the writer for explaining Velvet Fabric fabric in a way that’s accessible to everyone. It’s refreshing to learn about sustainable options in the fashion industry.


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