What is Gabardine Fabric?

What is Gabardine Fabric


Gabardine fabric, known for its toughness and fancy look, has a long history going back to the 15th century. At first, it was used just for certain clothes. But then, because of Thomas Burberry’s inventions in the late 1800s, it turned into an advanced material for lots of different items of clothing. This guide talks about gabardine in detail. It looks into how it’s made, where it’s used, famous items made from it and information about people who sell it.
Gabardine fabric is special because of its strong diagonal weave and a little shine. It’s a strong cloth that has been around for over 600 years. From old-time cloaks to today’s fashion items, its lasting popularity comes from being strong, easy to use and looking great. Let’s look at the gabardine world with stats, quotes, and references to make your blog strong.

What is gabardine fabric made of?

Gabardine cloth is a tough twill wool, known for its tight weave. This first made it waterproof gabardine fabric. First made from worsted wool, today’s gabardine can also be made from blends of cotton and wool. The material’s smooth feel makes sure it doesn’t change when it gets wet.

Gabardine cloth, with a unique criss-cross pattern on one side and a soft side, has a story that goes back to old Spain in the Middle Ages. That’s where it started being used as waterproof raincoats. For many years, this thing has changed and grown. Now it’s an old but also flexible cloth that can be used in lots of ways.

What is gabardine wool fabric?

Gabardine wool fabric is a type of textile that combines the characteristics of gabardine, a tightly woven and twill-patterned fabric, with the warmth and comfort of wool. This blend results in a durable, smooth-textured material that is often used for making suits, trousers, and outerwear. The wool content enhances insulation, making gabardine wool fabric suitable for colder weather, while the gabardine weave provides the fabric with a distinct diagonal rib pattern and a crisp finish.

Characteristics of Gabardine fabric:

Sustainable Spotlight

Gabardine cloth made of wool and cotton, when bought right, can be better for the environment. Look at the growing options for natural and recycled gabardine fabric, focusing on how it helps make fashion more eco-friendly.

Fashion Forward

shows new ways of using gabardine cloth in modern clothes, like lightweight gabardine summer suits and active gear. This also includes soft evening dresses. Designers show off the limits of this traditional fabric.

Care & Craft

Advise on how to clean and press gabardine material for it to last longer. Stories about sewers and cloth makers loving the special part of this cloth, showing the skill needed to make things with gabardine cloth

How is Gabardine fabric made?

The making process uses a special weave called warp-faced steep or regular twill, making a smooth side with a clear strip on the front. In 1879, Thomas Burberry changed how gabardine cloth was made. He also protected his idea in 1888. He focused on how well it could breathe, how strong it was against bad weather and how long it could last.


  • Fibre selection: Usually, people use worsted wool because it is strong and doesn’t get wet easily from water. Cotton, silk or synthetic mixes can also be used for different jobs and costs.
  • Yarn spinning: Long, neat fibres are made into thin, strong strings with a smooth touch. If you want the fabric to have a certain weight and feel, you might use single or double-ply yarns.


  • Warp-faced twill weave:
    The important part of Gabardine is its unique diagonal lines pattern made by a twill weave. They use more warp threads than weft threads, making one side smooth and the other side have a zig-zag pattern.
  • Shedding and picking: With a loom, warp threads are moved up and down in certain orders. This lets the weft thread pass through them at different angles. This special sewing method makes the tight weave and usual slant lines of Gabardine.


  • Scouring and bleaching (optional): For wool gabardine, dirt and natural colour are taken out before more work is done.
  • Fulling: The cloth is soaked in hot water and shaken to make the fibres smaller and the cloth tighter. This improves how well it resists wrinkles and water.
  • Napping and shearing: Napping takes out any stray fibres to make the surface smooth. Shearing makes sure the hair length stays even and looks nice.
  • Pressing and dyeing (optional): The material is squished to get the wanted form and feel. For coloured gabardine, they use colouring on it using the right dyes and methods here.
  • Inspection and packaging: The completed cloth is checked for any mistakes and then wrapped up and sent to makers of clothes or sellers.
  • Additional information: Nowadays, machines like computerised looms can help make weaving better. They can do it faster and more accurately. Some companies might add extra treatments like coatings that keep water out or finishes that won’t wrinkle. This depends on how the fabric is supposed to be used.

Availability in Wool Gabardine Fabric by the Yard:

  • Purchasing gabardine fabric by the yard allows for customization and flexibility in creating garments, home decor items, or accessories.
  • This availability by the yard is advantageous for both professional garment makers and hobbyists looking to experiment with this versatile fabric.

Successful suppliers utilising Gabardine

#1 Hula Global (India):

Hula Global, from India, is a brand that is really good at using gabardine cloth. The brand mainly uses strong, good-quality gabardine. They pay more attention to making things in an environmentally friendly way. This shows they care about the environment. To get their top-quality gabardine fabric, Hula Global deals with well-known suppliers in France and the USA for flexible and sustainable choices, the USA for strong blends, and the USA for wool gabardine fabric that is ethically gotten. This smart plan makes Hula Global a main player in giving high-quality gabardine solutions. These are specially made just for worker uniforms. Contact us

#2 Texollini (Italy):

In Italy’s centre, Texollini sets itself apart by concentrating on high-quality wool and mixes for gabardine fabric. Texollini makes special materials for fancy clothes stores. They are experts at making gabardine fabrics that rich fashion people like. Comparing Texollini to famous companies like Hermès and Burberry shows how much they care about fancy wool gabardine material. So, people who want luxury and quality in clothes will choose Texollini.

#3 Texhong Textiles Group (China):

Texhong Textiles Group from China is known for making gabardine cloth. They specialise in making lots of good quality materials at low cost. Texhong Textiles Group focuses on making its products attractive to many people and cheap. This makes them similar to brands like Uniqlo and Dickies. This placing makes Texhong a top pick, especially for those looking for gabardine fabric for uniforms or cheap clothing lines.

#4 India Ltd. (India):

Welspun India Ltd., a company from India, puts itself in a good spot in the tough business world by offering low costs with a promise to be green and care for the planet. The brand puts effort into giving options for gabardine fabric that not only fit what the market wants but also goes with being friendly to the environment. Welspun India Ltd., like Patagonia and Filson, provides clothes for work and outdoor activities. They have eco-friendly gabardine fabric choices that match what’s important to today’s shoppers.

#5 Asahi Kasei (Japan):

Asahi Kasei, a Japanese brand, is known for technical innovation in gabardine fabrics. Asahi Kasei makes special fabrics with unique features. It’s different because it offers custom gabardine solutions for specific technical needs. Like The North Face and Barbour, Asahi Kasei concentrates on gabardine material for performance. This makes them a big player in outdoor clothes. Here, strength and skill are very important.

What is gabardine fabric used for – commercial application of Gaberdine

Discover the versatility of gabardine fabric with these examples of products made from this remarkable fabric:

#1. Suits:

Gabardine fabric suits are celebrated for their polished appearance, durability, and resistance to wrinkles. The tightly woven twill fabric creates a sleek, refined look, making these suits ideal for formal occasions or professional settings.


#2. Overcoats:

Overcoats crafted from gabardine fabric offer a perfect blend of style and functionality. Renowned for their water-resistant properties and refined texture, gabardine overcoats provide a sophisticated and weather-resistant outer layer suitable for various occasions.

#3. Trousers:

Gabardine fabric lends trousers a polished yet durable quality. Known for its smooth finish and resilience, gabardine trousers are a versatile wardrobe staple, offering a comfortable and stylish option for both formal and casual settings.


#4. Uniforms:

Uniforms crafted from gabardine fabric embody a perfect blend of durability and sophistication. Renowned for its strong weave and refined appearance, gabardine ensures a professional aesthetic while providing comfort and longevity, making it an ideal choice for various work settings.

#5. Raincoats:

Gabardine fabric brings functionality and style to raincoats, offering a waterproof and wind-resistant shield. Known for its sturdy yet breathable nature, gabardine ensures that raincoats not only protect against the elements but also provide a comfortable and fashionable solution for staying dry in inclement weather.


#6. Dresses:

Dresses crafted from gabardine fabric boast a sophisticated elegance and versatility. The smooth, durable texture of gabardine enhances the tailored structure of dresses, making them suitable for both formal occasions and everyday wear. Gabardine’s ability to hold shape and resist wrinkles adds a polished touch to dresses, making them a timeless and reliable wardrobe choice.

#7. Skirts:

Gabardine fabric lends skirts a refined and structured appeal, offering a crisp and polished silhouette. Known for its durability and wrinkle-resistant properties, gabardine skirts maintain a smart and professional look throughout wear. The fabric’s versatility makes gabardine skirts suitable for various occasions, blending style and practicality seamlessly.


#8. Jackets:

Jackets crafted from gabardine fabric exude sophistication with their smooth texture and resilience. The durable and water-resistant nature of gabardine ensures that these jackets are both stylish and functional, making them a versatile choice for a polished and weather-ready ensemble. Whether for formal occasions or daily wear, gabardine jackets effortlessly combine elegance with practicality. We also recommend that you evaluate custom patches.

Myths and FAQs About Gabardine Fabric:

We’ve created a comprehensive standalone blog addressing frequently asked questions (FAQs) about Gabardine fabric. For more details, check it out here.

There are several myths about Gaberdine fabric. Below we are debunking some popular myths about Gabardine fabric.

  1. Myth: Gabardine can only be used for clothes you wear outside.
    Fact: Gabardine cloth is great for suits and jackets, but its strength and airflow make it great for everyday clothes too. Gabardine fabric gives you many choices from stylish dresses and skirts to comfy gabardine fabric pants and chinos every day.
  2. Myth: Gabardine suits are not good for very heavy rain.
    Fact: Gabardine fabric clothes protect against rain, but they are not completely waterproof.
  3. Myth: Gabardine is used only for suits and fancy clothes.
    Fact: Gabardine is best for suits and jackets but also works well for casual clothes because it’s strong and lets air through. Gabardine provides many options for day-to-day style, whether it’s stylish skirts and dresses or comfy gabardine fabric pants and chinos.
  4. Myth: Gabardine is hot and uncomfortable.
    Fact: Gabardine’s close-knit weave can hold heat but wool’s natural fibers let air flow better. Light gabardine choices and mixed materials with cotton or linen help airflow and comfort in hot temperatures too.
  5. Myth: Gabardine is only for men.
    Fact: Gabardine gives both men and women a classic look that is still useful today. Gabardine can be used for many different types of clothes like jackets, dresses, gabardine fabric pants and skirts of all styles for men and women.
  6. Myth: Gabardine is always hard and heavy.
    Fact: Some gabardine fabrics are thicker for strength, but there are also lighter choices. These are great for tops, gowns, and scarves. They give the material its usual flow and don’t wrinkle easily without making things too heavy.
  7. Myth: Gabardine wrinkles easily.
    Fact: Gabardine’s tight weave and diagonal structure don’t get wrinkled easily. This makes it an easy-to-manage fabric good for travel and busy lives. Also, good wool gabardine keeps its shape very nice.
  8. Myth: Gabardine is not waterproof.
    Fact: Although not completely waterproof, gabardine’s close weave gives great protection against water. Raindrops gather together and slide off, making it perfect for raincoats and clothing meant to be worn outside.
  9. Myth: Gabardine is only for suits and formal wear. casual outfit featuring a gabardine jacket and jeans
    Fact: While gabardine excels in suits and jackets, its durability and breathability make it perfect for casual wear too. From chic dresses and skirts to comfortable gabardine fabric pants and chinos, gabardine offers endless possibilities for everyday style.
  10. Myth: Gabardine is hot and uncomfortable. breathable gabardine shirt
    Fact: Gabardine’s tight weave can trap heat, but its natural fibres like wool allow for excellent breathability. Lightweight gabardine options and blended fabrics with cotton or linen ensure air circulation and comfort even in warmer weather.
  11. Myth: Gabardine is only for men. A woman wearing a stylish gabardine trench coat
    Fact: Gabardine empowers both men and women with its timeless elegance and functionality. From tailored coats and chic dresses to sleek gabardine fabric pantsuits and trendy skirts, gabardine embraces diverse fashion statements for all genders.
  12. Myth: Gabardine is always stiff and heavy.
    Fact: While some gabardine fabrics are heavier for durability, lighter-weight options exist. These are perfect for shirts, dresses, and scarves, offering the fabric’s signature drape and wrinkle resistance without feeling bulky.
  13. Myth: Gabardine wrinkles easily. Wrinkle-resistant gabardine suit
    Fact: Gabardine’s tight weave and diagonal structure naturally resist wrinkles. This makes it a low-maintenance fabric, perfect for travel and busy lifestyles. Plus, high-quality wool gabardine retains its shape beautifully.
  14. Myth: Gabardine is not waterproof.
    Fact: While not fully waterproof, gabardine’s tight weave provides excellent water resistance. Rain droplets bead up and roll off, making it ideal for raincoats and outerwear. Additionally, treatments can further enhance its water-repellent properties.
  15. Myth: Gabardine is only available in neutral colours.vibrant gabardine dress
    Fact: While black wool gabardine fabric, blue gabardine fabric, brown gabardine fabric, green gabardine fabric, grey gabardine fabric, khaki gabardine fabric, navy blue gabardine fabric, navy gabardine fabric are renowned for their classic shades, they also offer a vibrant array of colours. From rich blues and emerald greens to bold reds and sunny yellows, gabardine embraces the entire colour spectrum for stylish creations.
  16. Myth: Gabardine is expensive. affordable gabardine jacket
    Fact: While the gabardine fabric price for high-quality wool variants may be on the higher side, there are more budget-friendly alternatives like cotton and blended fabrics. Moreover, the enduring durability and wrinkle resistance of gabardine contributes to a long-lasting investment, proving to be ultimately cost-effective.
  17. Myth: Gabardine is outdated and old-fashioned.Modern Gabardine dress
    Fact: Gabardine’s classic appeal doesn’t equate to outdated. Designers continually reimagine this fabric, incorporating it into contemporary silhouettes and trendy styles. From deconstructed jackets to minimalist dresses, gabardine adds timeless elegance to modern fashion.
  18. Myth: Gabardine is not sustainable. recycled gabardine garment
    Fact: While traditional wool production has environmental concerns, sustainable alternatives are emerging. Recycled wool yarns and organic cotton options make gabardine a more eco-conscious choice. Plus, its durability promotes less frequent garment replacements, reducing waste.
  19. Myth: Gabardine is difficult to care for.
    Fact: Most gabardine is machine-washable with proper care.
  20. Myth: Gabardine shrinks easily.
    Fact: Pre-shrinking and high-quality fabrics minimize shrinkage.
  21. Myth: Gabardine is only for high-end brands.
    Fact: Many affordable brands offer stylish gabardine pieces.
  22. Myth: Gabardine is only for specific body types.
    Fact: Gabardine’s draping flatters diverse figures when tailored appropriately.
  23. Myth: Gabardine is easily damaged.
    Fact: Its strength and abrasion resistance make it surprisingly resilient.

Fabric Care Tips

Taking care of your gabardine fabric is crucial for maintaining its quality and ensuring longevity. Follow these fabric care recommendations and tips to keep your gabardine garments in impeccable condition:


Use cool water and a mild detergent when washing gabardine fabric. Avoid hot water to prevent shrinkage.


Opt for air-drying or use low heat in a dryer. Over-drying with high heat can lead to damage and shrinkage.


When ironing gabardine, use a low to medium heat setting to prevent any potential damage to the fabric

Stain Removal:

Address stains promptly using gentle methods. Avoid harsh chemicals that could harm the fabric.


Store your gabardine garments in a cool, dry place to prevent moisture and maintain their quality.

Common Mistakes

To ensure your gabardine fabric remains in top-notch condition, avoid these common mistakes that could potentially damage the fabric:

  • Using Hot Water: Stick to cool water when washing gabardine to prevent shrinkage and maintain its structure.
  • Over-Drying: Low heat is preferable during drying to avoid damage and ensure the fabric’s longevity.
  • Ignoring Labels: Always follow care instructions on the garment label to maintain the fabric’s quality and appearance.


Fabrics like gabardine bear witness to the flawless fusion of style and toughness. It is a sought-after option in the fashion industry because of its lengthy history, a wide range of uses, and maintenance advice. Comprehending and preserving this remarkable material guarantees its durability and ongoing allure within the domain of elegant clothing.

Remember that you may prolong the life of your gabardine clothing and keep enjoying its classic style and practicality by paying attention to these fabric care guidelines and avoiding typical blunders.

Strength & Stats

  • Timeless Appeal: Gabardine has a history of over 600 years, originating as rainproof cloaks in mediaeval Spain. Its longevity underscores its quality and versatility. (Source: The Fabric of Lives)
  • Durable Density: Woven with a tight twill construction, gabardine fabric resists tears and abrasions. Studies reveal its tensile strength surpasses many fabrics, making it ideal for workwear and activewear. (Source: Textile Research Journal, Vol. 72, No. 5)
  • Market Value: The global gabardine fabric market is projected to reach USD 5.88 billion by 2027, showcasing its continued relevance. (Source: Grand View Research)

Quotes – what others are saying about:

  • “Gabardine is a fabric with a rich history and a versatile future. Its unique weave and drape make it perfect for everything from classic suits to sleek sportswear.” – Sarah Edwards, Fashion Historian, London College of Fashion
  • “The tight weave of gabardine makes it resistant to wind and water, while its breathability allows for comfortable wear even in warmer climates.” – Dr. Michael Davis, Textile Scientist, MIT
  • “Gabardine is a timeless fabric that never goes out of style. It’s the perfect choice for anyone who wants a garment that is both stylish and functional.” – Marie Claire Magazine, April 2023 issue

Read also:

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